Let’s talk about the morality of abortion. Some people believe in God and some people don’t. In the God scenario the first step (obviously) is that the sperm fertilizes the egg.
Some would say that from the moment the genetic material from the sperm combines with the genetic material from the egg creating a unique strand of DNA, God (or some other higher power) bestows that new life with a soul. Others think this happens some time between this moment and the moment a child is born.
But lets face it. There’s no medical device that can measure the presence of a soul (unless you think Futurama is a documentary – and for you atheists out there that argue that this is because there is no soul I’ll get to you in a second) but if you believe in a soul, generally speaking you believe the soul enters the body sometime before a newborn’s first breath. So if you destroy this lifeform prior to this moment, you really need to have an exact measurement on whether or not that being has a soul or you are risking killing a being with a soul which is, simply put, murder.
That’s why people who believe in a soul are uncomfortable with arbitrarily deciding on an acceptable timeframe in which abortion can be considered morally acceptable. With no realistic way to know when a soul enters the body there is no way to know at what point you’re committing murder. The dilemma is obvious to many, but often misunderstood by abortion supporters. Is the cost of even the chance that you are committing murder outweighing the convenience of ending a pregnancy? In most instances that answer is no.
So what if you don’t believe in a soul?
If you don’t believe in a soul, it’s actually kind of worse. Let me explain.
Let’s say, for example, there is a God and God sends a soul into a new life as it forms at conception. That soul or that entity is residing inside the vessel of it’s physical body. So if you kill that body, depending on what you believe in, that being isn’t destroyed. It goes back to heaven, or a new plane of existence, or is reborn as a rabbit or something. It really doesn’t matter what happens, it just matters that something happens. It matters that the being still exists beyond the physical body that was destroyed and its unique identity is preserved. In short, It still exists.
But if there is no soul, that unique entity is the sum of it’s parts. It’s a collection of its atoms and molecules and cells. It is a one of a kind DNA strand that doesn’t exist anywhere else in the universe. If you destroy that entity, whether it be at 2 weeks, 2 months, 9 months, that unique being is forever snuffed out of existence. It doesn’t move on, it just ceases to exist never to exist again. You are cosmically erasing that life from the universe. Even if the same two people conceive again, the new life will have completely different DNA and it will be nothing like the life that was destroyed. If you have siblings you know what I’m talking about. That being, is just gone. Forever.
So whether you believe in a god or not really isn’t the issue. It’s hard to make the moral justification for ending the existence of a defenseless and unique life so totally and irreversibly, and that’s what abortion is. God or no God.